061 Common adjective with preposition
Common adjectives with prepositions
Hi everyone and welcome back to another episode of the Art of Business English. I trust you are all having a great start to the year.
In this week’s episode I want to focus on a bit of structure in English, mainly by looking at some prepositions that follow adjectives. If you are someone who finds it difficult to know which preposition follows an adjective, then today I am going to share some common ones with you so that you can learn them by heart.
So, in today’s episode we will be looking at the following:
- A quick explanation of the theory behind adding a preposition to an adjective
- A list of some common adjective and preposition vocabulary
- Some practice exercises to work on together
Let’s go then.
What are adjectives + prepositions?
Let’s start by looking at what is an adjective. As I am sure most of you already know, adjectives are words used to describe people and objects. For example, we could say, She is a very hard working employee. Or for an object, we could say, This is a very complex problem.
Now, when we add prepositions to adjectives, we are making the structure more complex and we are also creating a more complex relationship between the adjective and the person. What do I mean by this? Well, with the preposition, we are actually making statements about a person’s attitude towards something. So, as you can see it suddenly become a bit more complex, while at the same time descriptive. As such, adjectives plus prepositions are a powerful tool for describing the relationships, feelings and attitudes between things. Let me demonstrate with an example. John is not very sure about the chances of success. So, clearly you can see that this is expressive of John’s attitude towards something. He is not sure + about the success of something. We get an idea about his attitude.
In fact, the proposition about is very commonly used with adjectives to express opinion or attitude towards things. Let’s take a look at some common adjectives that are followed with about.
- Angry about – John is angry about the delays from our main supplier
- Annoyed about – Mary is annoyed about having been given unpaid extra work.
In this example you will notice that any verbs that follow about must be in the gerund or ING form. This is because with English, verbs that follow prepositions are in gerund. With the above example this is even true for the auxiliary verb, have or haber.
- Furious about – Mark was furious about being looked over for the promotion.
- Excited about – I am really excited about the party next week.
- Worried about – Jenny is worried about her cough, it keeps getting worse.
- Sorry about – Henry was sorry about accidently breaking the glass.
So, to sum up, we use adjectives to better describe things, people, situations etc, and we can add prepositions to them to form a more complex relationship between a person and the thing or situation they are describing.
Now that we understand the theory behind adjectives and prepositions better, let’s take a look at some common and useful adjective and preposition forms.